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Lake Garda is the largest lake in Italy. It is located in the North of Italy, near Brescia, Verona, Venice and Milan. Glaciers formed this alpine region at the end of the last ice age. Garda lake borders with the provinces of Verona, Brescia and Trento. Thanks to the Brennero pass, Lake Garda is easily accessible and it is a very important tourist destination in Europe.

The northern part of the lake is narrower, surrounded by the mountains, the majority of which belong to the Gruppo del Baldo. The shape is typical of a moraine valley, probably having been formed under the action of a Paleolithic glacier. Although traces of the glacier's actions are evident today, it has been recently hypothesized that the glacier occupied a depression area previously existing and created by stream erosion 5 or 6 million years ago.

The lake has numerous small islands among which five are the most important; the largest is the Isola del Garda. Nearby in the south part of the lake there is the Isola di San Biagio, also known as the Isola dei Conigli (Rabbits's island). Both of them are far from San Felice del Benàco, an other important island of the Lake, located on the west side. The three other main islands are the Isola dell'Olivo, the Isola di Sogno, and the Isola di Trimelone, all situate further north near the east side. The main tributary is the Sarca River, while the only emissary is the Mincio River.




Lake Garda

Characteristics of lake Garda

  • coordinates: 45°42'N, 10°43'E

  • surface elevation: 65 m a.s.l.

  • max depth: 350 m

  • mean depth: 133 m

  • area: 368 sq km

  • volume: 49,03 cu km



This project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF
Central Europe - Cooperating For Success European Regional Development Found
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